The United Nations:
India said on Tuesday that the idea of climate action should not be to move the goal post to 2050 and that countries must meet their pre-2020 commitments, calling on the global community to view climate change as a “wake-up call” to strengthen multilateralism and seek equitable solutions for a sustainable world.
Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar, addressing the United Nations Security Council public debate on “ Maintaining International Peace and Security: Addressing Climate Risks for international peace and security, ” the commitment by developed countries to mobilize USD 100 billion per year by 2020 to support climate action in developing countries said in the statement has been elusive.
“The idea of climate action should not be to move the climate ambition target post to 2050. It is important that countries meet their commitments before 2020. Climate action must go hand in hand with the framework financial, technical and capacity building support for countries in need, ”he said.
The year 2050 is when nations are called upon to achieve zero net CO2 emissions. Emissions must halve by 2030 and reach net zero emissions by 2050 at the latest to meet the 1.5 degree Celsius target of the Paris Agreement.
He said that as countries prepare to meet for the 26th United Nations Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP26) in Glasgow in November, there is a “significant opportunity” for countries to mainstream development carbon emissions in their COVID-19 rescue and recovery measures and long-term mitigation strategies expected to be announced at the summit, which will bring the parties together to accelerate action towards the Agreement’s goals of Paris and of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
“Then let’s make the transition to a more climate-friendly way of life by adjusting to a low carbon development path based on our needs, not our greed.” Let us see climate change as a wake-up call and an opportunity to strengthen multilateralism and to seek equitable and inclusive solutions to leave a greener, cleaner and more sustainable world for our future generations, ”he said.
In his speech, Mr. Javadekar stressed that the global community has addressed the issue of climate change through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, which together represent a global democratic effort. “delicately balanced” to take climate action within a framework determined at the national level. manner based on “ common but differentiated responsibility and respective capacities ”.
“Therefore, before we start discussing the issue of climate security, we need to make sure that we do not build a parallel climate track where these mechanisms and principles are sidelined or not duly taken into account,” a- he declared.
Noting that even the best science available claims that climate change only exacerbates conflict and is not a reason for conflict and does not threaten peace and security, he said that in a number of fragile contexts, where governments struggle to provide basic services due to their capacity and legitimacy issues, cases of chronic emergencies and the risk of famine are largely driven by continued political violence disrupting crops and supplies aid rather than by climatic factors alone.
Mr. Javadekar also highlighted that countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) largely relate to mitigation commitments and adaptation requirements which collectively determine whether countries will meet the Paris target of limiting ‘global average temperature rise to well below 2 degrees C.
Although climate change does not directly or inherently cause violent conflict, its interaction with other social, political and economic factors can nevertheless exacerbate the drivers of conflict and fragility and have negative impacts on peace, stability and security. security, he said.
India suggested that to better integrate climate change adaptation and peacebuilding, there is a need to create strong governance structures at local, national and regional levels to address climate and climate-related risks. fragility.
Mr. Javadekar also highlighted that the impacts of climate change and its associated security risks have important gender dimensions and that women and girls experience the interplay between climate change and peace and security in a way direct and deep.
Highlighting the important steps India is taking to tackle climate change and deliver on its commitments, Mr. Javadekar said New Delhi’s mitigation strategies focused on clean and efficient energy systems; safe, smart and sustainable green urban mass transport network; planned afforestation; and mainstream green thinking in all sectors of production and consumption.
He said India was the only country on track among G20 countries to meet its climate change mitigation commitments and that the country was not only meeting its Paris Agreement targets, but would exceed them. also. India, which currently has the world’s fastest growing solar power program, has expanded access to clean cooking fuels to more than 80 million homes.
India’s commitment to install 450 gigawatts of renewable energy, phase out single-use plastic, 100% rail electrification, and create an additional carbon sink by restoring 26 million hectares of degraded land, among other measures, only added to its climate ambitions, he added. .
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